Wednesday, May 4, 2011

Autism is not a disease: A story of my cousin, Mohammad

The name of my cousin is Mohammad Bin Nur who is 5 years old now. I am taking care of him from the age of 1year. He comes to my home almost every day and stay from 6pm to 12am or 1am. He stays with me whole day during my off days and holidays. All family members are very caring about him. And I am too much caring about him. Because he is a very cute boy I have ever seen in my life and he does lots of cute activities. So I am very crazy about him. He is the most important in my life.I call him my JAAN.

But unfortunate he has stopped talking at the age of 3. His parent and I were very worried about this. Few doctors have suggested sending him special school. But we are sure that he is not special child. Because Mohammad follows all of our orders and he understands everything. He is very intelligence and smart. He can operate computer and can play game as well. He plays 'House of the Death 2' game and can go up to 4th boss of the game without my help. So his only problem is - he doesn’t talk, hardly can say few words. Finally one day Mohammad's father has come with a news paper where he found the name of Mohammad's problem. The name of Mohammad problem is Autism which is not a disease. Thus I was searching about Autism and found following details. Now I am searching a perfect solutions for this problem.

Autism is not a disease 
Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize; how this occurs is not well understood. It is one of three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum (ASDs), the other two being Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (commonly abbreviated as PDD-NOS), which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met.

Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations, or by rare combinations of common genetic variants. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects. Controversies surround other proposed environmental causes, such as heavy metals, pesticides or childhood vaccines the vaccine hypotheses are biologically implausible and lack convincing scientific evidence. The prevalence of autism is about 1–2 per 1,000 people worldwide; however, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports approximately 9 per 1,000 children in the United States are diagnosed with ASD. The number of people diagnosed with autism has increased dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice; the question of whether actual prevalence has increased is unresolved.

Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. The signs usually develop gradually, but some autistic children first develop more normally and then regress. Early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help autistic children gain self-care, social, and communication skills. Although there is no known cure, there have been reported cases of children who recovered. Not many children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, though some become successful. An autistic culture has developed, with some individuals seeking a cure and others believing autism should be accepted as a difference and not treated as a disorder.